Education System In Pakistan: Some Flaws And Recommendations
Education System in Pakistan
The Pakistani Constitution has had point that all children between the ages of 5 and 16 will have free and compulsory education and that adult literacy must be improved.
From the very beginning of Pakistan in 1947, we have always considered education as the primary goal of our policies because only education can change the fortune of our beloved country. However, unfortunately, among most of our threats, quality of education in Pakistan is one of them. But how can we change the current educational policy of Pakistan?
The answers are unfolded within this blog.
The current literacy statistics of Pakistan in 2022:
As of January 2022, Pakistan plans to raise literacy status by educating the number of students in different classes and ages. Government plans to lift literacy from 58% to 70% in four years and will give access to 22.8 million students. Referring to the Ministry of Federal Education Professional training, the current literacy rate is 62.3, which means that a projected population of 60 million is illiterate in the country.
What Is Meant by the Education System?
The education system includes all institutions that offer formal education (public and private, for-profit and nonprofit, or virtual training), as well as its teachers, students, physical infrastructure, resources, and standards.
In a broader sense, the system includes institutions that are actively involved in the funding, management, operation, or regulation of institutions such as government ministries, regulatory agencies, central testing organisations, and textbook boards).
The norms and regulations that regulate individual and institutional interactions within the framework are also a part of Pakistan’s educational system.
An Examination Of Pakistani Education System
Pakistan has stated its commitment to promoting education and literacy in the country through domestic education policy and participation in international education initiatives.
In this context, national education policies are visions that propose solutions to boost literacy rates, expand capacity, and improve facilities in schools and educational institutions.
Challenges for Education System in Pakistan
The challenges lead to a better knowledge of the issues that have arisen in the growth of the educational system and the promotion of literacy. The paper outlines seven key issues, which are as follows:
Pakistan is a participant to the MDGs and EFA targets. However, it appears that it will be unable to meet these international obligations due to financial management challenges and impediments to achieving its targets.
It is critical to recognise that the problems that impede providing education are not just the result of administration issues by the government but that some of them are firmly grounded in the people’s social and cultural orientation. Overcoming the latter is tough and will need a shift in people’s attitudes; until then, comprehensive primary education will be hard to reach.
Next comes the gender gap. Poverty, cultural barriers, and potential illiteracy are one way, but families are concerned about their girl’s safety are major issues that lead to the lower enrollment of girls compared to boys. Another issue is early marriages of girls; mobility and the social mindset of families limit the enrollment of girls in schools and colleges.
The enrollment of rural females is 45 percent lower than that of urban girls, whereas the difference for boys is just 10 per cent, indicating that the gender gap is a significant factor.
Cost of education:
The economic cost of education is greater in private schools, although they are only found in more affluent areas. The paradox is that while private schools are better than government schools, they are not available everywhere. In contrast, public schools give fair access but do not deliver excellent education.
War on Terror:
Pakistan’s connection in the war on terrorism has had an impact on the development of literacy campaigns. In Balochistan, KPK, and FATA, terrorists targeted schools and students, blowing up multiple educational facilities and killing students and teachers. This may not have as large of an impact as other elements, but it is still significant.
Lack of Technical Education:
Technical and vocational education in Pakistan has received little emphasis. The number of technical and vocational training institutes is insufficient, and many lack facilities, teachers, and training instruments. A state’s population is one of the most important components of its national strength. Once proficient, it may be an asset.
A lack of technical education leads to an increase in the number of unemployed individuals in the country, which has an impact on national development strategy. As a result, the government must prioritize technical education.
- Technical education should be added in secondary education. The syllabus must include carpentry, manual, and other technical education classes.
- By offering financial help to students may encourage their parents to enrol their children to school, hence it would be helpful in lowering the dropout rate.
- The local government system aids in the promotion of education and literacy in the country. The money for education in the local government educational programs and system can be used on a basis of need in the community.
- Corruption in education agencies is one of the causes of the country’s low literacy rate. In educational departments, there is a strong need for an effective monitoring system.
- In order for any system to function properly, the necessary structures must be created. Legislation and structure should be developed to plan for the advancement of education in the country. Education has been a provincial concern since the 18th amendment; consequently, the provinces must enact legislation and develop educational programs to provide an excellent education system of Pakistan.
- Unemployment among educated men and women is critical in Pakistan and should be resolved. Career counselling should be provided to students in schools so that they understand the employment market and may improve their abilities properly.
- Parental counselling is essential so that their child can pick a marketable professional path.
- There are two ways to obtain an education: The first step, which many people in Pakistan take, is to gain an education in order to make a living. The second strategy is to pursue education for the sake of personal growth and learning. This is the method used by rich and financially secure people who send their children to private schools and overseas for education. The first situation comes When low-income families send their children to private schools and colleges.
- This desire to send youngsters to higher education is misguided because the country does not require simply managers and officials. There are various additional professions that require manpower. As a result, the mindset of sending one’s children to university just to become officers and managers must be addressed.
Contribution of superior group in Pakistani Education System
Superior Group is one of the largest education networks in Pakistan. This group owns multiple campuses of School, Colleges and Universities where thousands of students are filling their educational hunger.
It has spread branches of educational institutes, like colleges and schools. For higher education, Superior has a university that imparts knowledge in various fields.
The Spirit School
Spirit School consists of 400+ campuses throughout Pakistan. Spirit schools offer primary, middle and secondary level education and offer quality education at comparative reachable fees. To give quality education and believe in egalitarian philosophy, Spirit school has spread its branches and campuses in remote areas to promote quality education in Pakistan at primary level.
Superior Colleges have more than 250 campuses all over Pakistan offering different intermediate programs F.sc, Ics, Icom, FA, Associate Degree program(ADP). Superior Colleges not only offer quality education, this colleges enhance their students’ extra curricular activities through their cultural & sports activities. They offer various scholarships to their bright and needy students.
Superior University is one of the top universities in Pakistan. First university campus established in 2000. Superior University now has multiple campuses. SU offers a wide range of Bachelors, Masters & PhDs degrees. They focuses on IQ and EQ intelligence education. Superior university has Separate CSIT Campus, Medical campuses. More than 8000 students are currently enrolled in different degree programs at SU.
By looking at the current educational situation of Pakistan, Superior Group SGC has analysed the steps to be taken to uplift the literacy rate in Pakistan. It has grown to develop a broader focus on improving the quality of education in Pakistan.
The institute provides full support in improving students’ capacity and maintaining student-teacher relations by offering training certifications and diplomas through its online and on-campus sessions.
The Superior university prides itself in offering and delivering diverse professional and educational programs to uplift the skills of youth according to their needs and requirements.
All programs are centred around developing critical thinking, students’ problems, and their solutions, creativity, more moral values, and creating a sense of responsibility to become good citizens of the community. So the teachers have contributed greatly to achieving the best goals in an educational environment.
Our institutional and professional programs meet all the problems of education facing today and project its new programs to give youth the basic idea of earning. Thus, Superior university produces businessmen and entrepreneurs for the future age.
Our social outreach programs have a combined flavour of both theory and practice and strengthen the educational system from school to university.
Keeping in view our aim of empowering superior human beings, we work on a broader perspective to enhance the education system in Pakistan.
The government cannot overhaul Pakistan’s education system alone; public-private collaboration and a combination of formal and non-formal education can lift the majority of the country’s population out of illiteracy. The Superior Group has developed an initiative to provide state of the art education without discrimination of their status.